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ABOUT NEPAL

 

Nepal, officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, is a landlocked country in South Asia, Nepal is the world's 93rd largest country by land mass and the 41st most populous country. Kathmandu is the nation's capital and the country's largest metropolis. Nepal has a rich geography. The land in Nepal can be broadly divided into three regions which are Himalayan region, Mountain region and Terai region. The land rises from the Terai, the southern plains covered with tropical jungles and fertile farm land at almost sea level to the high Himalaya mountains in the north with valleys and lush hills in between within a distance of less than 200 km. Out of the ten peaks, eight highest peaks lies in Nepal. The Himalayas are the youngest and the highest mountain chains in the world. About a third of its 1000 km. long Himalayan range lies within Nepal. It has a convergence of 1310 magnificent pinnacles and peaks over 6000 metres including the world's eight of the 14 giant peaks over 8000 metres high. Mount Everest, the world's highest peak and Kanchanjunga, the third highest peak lies in Nepal.

 

Size:

885-km (553 mile) long, 145-241km (91-151 mile) wide, 147,181-sq. km in area.

Position:

26-300 north latitude, 80-880 east longitude; on the India subcontinent bounded on the north by Tibet Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China, & on the west, south and east by the Republic of India.

Terrain:

Hilly and mountains, 77%, Terai lowlands, 23% more than 25% above 3000m.

Latitude Range:

Form 70m above sea level (230ft) in the Terai, to 8848M (29,028ft) at Sagarmatha (Mt. Everest), Kathmandu Valley: 853m (2,798).

Climate:

Kathmndu - Summer 15-30oc, wither 0-16oc; Terai - Summer 21-39oc, wither 9-30oc. Rainfall (Kathmandu) - Oct-May 300mm June-Sept 1100mm.

Time:

15 minutes ahead of Indian Standard Time, 5 hour 45 minutes ahead of GMT.

Language:

Nepali is the national language, Devanagari the script. Altogether 26 languages are spoken.

 

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